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中国涉外商事仲裁继续领跑世界 可更好保护走出去企业利益

发布时间:2016-11-25     

中国涉外商事仲裁继续领跑世界 可更好保护走出去企业利益

26号,中国仲裁法学研究会发布报告显示,2015年,世界上主要的常设商事仲裁机构之一的中国国际经济贸易仲裁委员会共受理仲裁案件1968件,数量继续领跑世界各主要仲裁机构,案件类型覆盖面也更加广泛。贸仲委相关负责人表示,正在加强对一带一路沿线国家仲裁制度的研究,以更好服务走出去的中国企业。

26号,《中国国际商事仲裁年度报告(2015)》在北京发布。《报告》显示,2015年,中国国际经济贸易仲裁委员会(以下简称“贸仲委”)共受理仲裁案件1968件,同比增长22%,受案量领跑各主要国际商事仲裁机构。数量增加的同时,贸仲委受理案件纠纷类型覆盖面也更加宽泛。贸仲委副主任王承杰介绍说:“传统领域纠纷占多数,比如贸易、合资合作。新经济形态下,金融作为经济的血脉,在中国企业走出去过程中,纠纷增长很快。大型设备、基建设备走出去的相关案例也增长很快。此外,新的经济形式,比如对赌,新的经济活动,比如金融衍生品,都在贸仲会的案件中有所体现、有所增加。”

相较诉讼等其他方式,仲裁具有较高的灵活度:当事人可以自由选择由什么仲裁机构仲裁、在哪里仲裁,自主选择专家、仲裁员来审理案件,还可以选择仲裁语言以及适用法律。王承杰表示,根据1958年6月10日在纽约召开的联合国国际商业仲裁会议上签署的《承认及执行外国仲裁裁决公约》,中国作为缔约国,在中国国内做出的裁决可以在《纽约公约》156个国家得到承认与执行,能更好保护走出去企业的利益。王承杰说:“比如,有贸仲委做出的裁决,如果败诉方不自动履行,胜诉方可以拿着裁决到156个国家其中当事人所在国申请强制执行。这对于走出去的企业来说非常重要,因为如果走法律诉讼的话,法院只能依据司法协助,很少国家可以执行,大多是民事的,商事比较少。”

王承杰表示,“一带一路”倡议的提出为中国企业走出去提供了新的动力,贸仲委也在加强相关研究,以期为企业提供更好的仲裁服务:“第一,加强一带一路沿线国家仲裁制度研究。去年完成了8个国家的研究报告,现在正在增加国别。与最高法密切合作,一带一路沿线仲裁制度进行系统调研。也正在推进与仲裁机构加强合作、交流,推进仲裁做法的统一,也准备更多吸纳一带一路国家专业人士进入仲裁员队伍。”

法律法规政策解读:

《承认和执行外国仲裁裁决的公约》Article V第五条:

1. Recognition and enforcement of the award may be refused, at the request of the party against whom it is invoked, only if that party furnishes to the competent authority where the recognition and enforcement is sought, proof that:

一、裁决唯有于受裁决援用之一造向声请承认及执行地之主管机关提具证据证明有下列情形之一时,始得依该造之请求,拒予承认及执行:

(a) The parties to the agreement referred to in article II were, under the law applicable to them, under some incapacity, or the said agreement is not valid under the law to which the parties have subjected it or, failing any indication thereon, under the law of the country where the award was made; or

()第二条所称协定之当事人依对其适用之法律有某种无行为能力情形者,或该项协定依当事人作为协定准据之法律系属无效,或未指明以何法律为准时,依裁决地所在国法律系属无效者;

(b) The party against whom the award is invoked was not given proper notice of the appointment of the arbitrator or of the arbitration proceedings or was otherwise unable to present his case; or

()受裁决援用之一造未接获关于指派仲裁员或仲裁程序之适当通知,或因他故,致未能申辩者;

(c )The award deals with a difference not contemplated by or not falling within the terms of the submission to arbitration, or it contains decisions on matters beyond the scope of the submission to arbitration, provided that, if the decisions on matters submitted to arbitration can be separated from those not so submitted, that part of the award which contains decisions on matters submitted to arbitration may be recognized and enforced; or

()裁决所处理之争议非为交付仲裁之标的或不在其条款之列,或裁决载有关于交付仲裁范围以外事项之决定者,但交付仲裁事项之决定可与未交付仲裁之事项划分时,裁决中关于交付仲裁事项之决定部分得予承认及执行;

(d) The composition of the arbitral authority or the arbitral procedure was not in accordance with the agreement of the parties, or, failing such agreement, was not in accordance with the law of the country where the arbitration took place; or

()仲裁机关之组成或仲裁程序与各造间之协议不符,或无协议而与仲裁地所在国法律不符者;

(e) The award has not yet become binding on the parties, or has been set aside or suspended by a competent authority of the country in which, or under the law of which, that award was made.

()裁决对各造尚无拘束力,或业经裁决地所在国或裁决所依据法律之国家之主管机关撤销或停止执行者。

2. Recognition and enforcement of an arbitral award may also be refused if the competent authority in the country where recognition and enforcement is sought finds that:

二、倘声请承认及执行地所在国之主管机关认定有下列情形之一,亦得拒不承认及执行仲裁裁决:

(a) The subject matter of the difference is not capable of settlement by arbitration under the law of that country; or

()依该国法律,争议事项系不能以仲裁解决者;

(b) The recognition or enforcement of the award would be contrary to the public policy of that country.

()承认或执行裁决有违该国公共政策者。

 

 

 

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